Mountain Goats, Nature's Greatest Climbers

Mountain goats are much better climbers than humans. After watching a YouTube video of mountain goats climbing a nearly vertical dam in Southern Italy, I did research on these natural athletes and found out about their uniquely structured hooves that help them stand on steep surfaces. 

 

Split Hooves
Hooves squeeze to grasp rock; split under pressure to apply energy more efficiently.

 
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Rubber-like Sole
Hard, sharp edges add traction and soft inner area creates suction.